Female representation in senior economic and political positions is still very low in many European countries. But what happens to female empowerment when a woman ‘breaks the glass ceiling’? This column explores the extent to which female leaders appoint more women to other executive positions. Using data from Italian local politics, the research shows the opposite trend: women in senior roles are less likely to nominate women for official positions. This is a startling finding.
Anti-social and unethical behaviour in the workplace has considerable negative effects on employee wellbeing. Toxic relationships are at the heart of such behaviour. This column presents evidence from a field experiment carried out in Turkey. In this setting, an innovative training programme aiming to improve the relational atmosphere in the workplace reduced anti-social interactions and lowered employee separation in large corporations. In particular, improved leader-subordinate relationships played a key role in explaining the programme’s positive impacts on the workplace climate.